Electronic dog collars

The term electronic collars for animals  collar to shock  is a term used to describe a family  collars (also called  e-collars  ,  Ecollars  ,  remote collar training  ,  zap collar  , or  electronic collar  ), providing  electrical shocks  with varying intensity and duration on the dog's neck (they can also be used elsewhere on the dog's body to achieve different learning effects) via a radio-controlled electronic gadget built into the dog's collar. Some collar models also include tone or vibration tuning as an alternative or in conjunction with shock. Others include integration with internet mapping and GPS capabilities to locate a dog or alert the owner.

They were first used in the 1960s to train hunting dogs, and the early collars were very strong. Many modern versions can reach very low levels of shock. Box collars are now available and have been used in a variety of applications, including behavioral change, listening and pet restraint training, as well as military, police, and service training. While similar systems are available for other animals, collars designed for domestic dogs are the most common   . 

Types of electronic collars for dogs, animals 

Pet restraint systems 

The most common use of impact collars are house restraint systems used to keep a dog in the border area without building a physical barrier. This use of shocks is increasingly popular in areas where local laws or homeowners associations prohibit the construction of physical fencing. Available systems include: fitting into the soil to maintain the aesthetics of the yard; above the floor to reinforce an existing barrier that did not contain a dog; and wireless systems that allow indoor use. Most home containment systems work by installing wire around the perimeter of the yard. [1]  As the dog approaches the perimeter, the collar is activated.

Control collars 

Control collars, electronic collars are used to prevent barking too long, too long or uncomfortable, so that they give a shock at the moment when the dog barks. The gate can be activated with a microphone or vibration, and some of the most advanced collars use sound and vibration to avoid the possibility of external sounds that activate the response.

Collar training or distance coaches 

Training dog collars are different in that better quality have many different levels and functions, can give different duration of stimulation, better quality stimulation and the possibility of wheezing or vibration, which is useful for getting the dog's attention. Proper training is essential for distance use, as abuse can lead to negative behavioral consequences. [2]  Many recommend that you consult a behavioral teacher or a certified training professional who has experience in impact collars for successful use.

Shear collars can be used in conjunction with  positive reinforcement  and / or using other principles of  operational conditioning  , depending on the trainer's methods, or as a form of  positive punishment  where shock is performed at the moment when unwanted behavior occurs to reduce the frequency of that behavior; or as a form of  negative reinforcement  where it is constantly stimulated to the point where the desired behavior occurs to increase the frequency of that behavior.

When using a collar collar, you should use those commands that dogs are familiar with. Observe your dog's behavior after using each command and if your dog does not respond correctly, push the transmitter button and repeat the command.

Remember that your goal is not to hurt your dog through an electronic collar, but to desire to learn the dog. Set the shock collar at the lowest level of stimulation and reward your dog with a special enhancement to reinforce his positive behavior.

Electric shock 

An electric shock  is a physiological reaction, feeling or injury caused by an electrical current through the body. They occur upon contact of the body with all sources of electricity, causing sufficient flow through the skin, muscles or hair.

In his textbook on training and behavior, Steven Lindsay wrote about the public's perception of the term "shock" and its use in describing training aids; "At low levels, the term shock is difficult to describe the effects created by electronic training collars as there is virtually no effect beyond the pulsating tingling or swelling of the sensation on the skin surface ... the word shock is laden with biased connotations, images of convulsive spasms and burns. and the consequences associated with extreme physical pain, emotional trauma, physiological breakdown and laboratory abuse ... the impetus or signal created by most modern devices is tightly controlled and presented to produce a specific set of behavioral and motivational responses to it. "  [3]

Technical considerations of electronic collars

Electric shock can be characterized by voltage, currents, waveform, frequency (waveforms), pulse rate and duration. Although voltage, current, and shock duration can be used to calculate the amount of energy used (in  Joules  ), these are not indicators of stimulus intensity or how the recipient can perceive it. Depending on the design, you can adjust the shockwaves so that the shock delivered is only slightly uncomfortable. Such variable adjustments are essential so that the collar can be adjusted to the level required by the dog as conditions change.

Chain strikes are sometimes referred to as "static shock"; static electricity, however, is  direct current  and has low energy. The shockers use  alternating current  . It is therefore inappropriate to refer to impact collars as they provide a static shock.

In order to achieve consistent impact, good contact must be made between the collar electrodes and the dog's skin (the collar must be fitted according to the manufacturer's instructions). Local humidity and individual changes in hair density, skin thickness and surface conductivity also affect the delivery of shock.

Role, its frequency, pulse rate, current, voltage and impedance are important factors in the likely response. "Many electronic collars seem to shift the intensity levels by changing the pulse duration or repetition, while keeping the output current and voltage relatively constant, depending on the electrode load." (Lindsay 2005, p. 573).

Individual differences in temperament, pain sensitivity, and susceptibility to dog traps mean that the shock settings need to be fine-tuned to produce a shock that the dog perceives as the only aversive enough to prevent the dog from engaging in unwanted behavior. Common stimuli such as noise, commands and even shocks may not affect a dog who is very aroused and focused on an activity such as hunting. 

 

IMATE TEŽAVE S ŠOLANJEM PSA?

Če imate težave pri poslušnosti in ubogljivosti vašega psa, ali pa imate težave pri zahtevnejših vajah šolanja vašega psa, potem vam lahko povemo da niste edini. Pravzaprav je ogromno lastnikov in trenerjev psov, kateri se soočajo z ravno takimi težavami kot vi. Ni važno ali bi radi naučili vašega psa, da preneha z nevarnim vedenjem, kot je podenje za avtomobili, kolesarji, motoristi, ali pa samo želite da se vaš ljubljenček mirno sprehaja blizu vas, kadar greste na sprehod po parku.

IMATE PROBLEME ŽE PRI UČENJU OSNOV?

Za vse te težave imamo rešitev z našo pametno elektronsko ovratnico, katera pa je namenjena šolanju in ni nevarna do živali! Pametna ovratnica vam omogoča da popravite slabe navade vašega psa v trenutku. S pomočjo pametne elektronske ovratnice za psa bo vaš pes takoj vedel, kaj več ne sme, oziroma kaj bi moral narediti, to pa bo pripeljalo do zelo hitrega učenja vašega ljubljenčka. Zelo hitro boste zaznali rezultate, saj s pomočjo pametne ovratnice lažje komunicirate z vašim psom, in tako se bo lahko razvila še večja navezanost med vami in vašim psom, saj boste zaupali vašemu psu in se boste tako nanj lahko tudi zanesli.

ELEKTRONSKA OVRATNICA - UČINKOVITO IN PREPROSTO ŠOLANJE

Pametna ovratnica je 100% varna in humana do vaših ljubljenčkov. Pametna ovratnica, katera sproža blage električne impulze, ni nič močnejša od statične elektrike, katero ste verjetno začutili kdaj tudi sami, kadar izstopate iz avtomobila in se dotaknete vrat.

 

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Vrste elektronskih ovratnic za pse, živali 

Sistemi za zadrževanje hišnih živali 

Najpogostejša uporaba udarnih ovratnikov so hišni zadrževalni sistemi, ki se uporabljajo za ohranjanje psa v obmejnem območju brez gradnje fizične pregrade. Ta uporaba šokov je vedno bolj priljubljena na področjih, kjer lokalni zakoni ali združenja lastnikov stanovanj prepovedujejo gradnjo fizične ograje. Razpoložljivi sistemi vključujejo: vgradnjo v zemljo za ohranitev estetike dvorišča; nad tlemi, da bi okrepili obstoječo pregrado, ki ni vsebovala psa; in brezžični sistemi, ki omogočajo uporabo v zaprtih prostorih. Večina hišnih zadrževalnih sistemov deluje z namestitvijo žice okoli oboda dvorišča.[1] Ko se pes približa perimetru, se ovratnik aktivira.

Kontrolni ovratniki 

Kontrolni ovratniki, elektronske ovratnice se uporabljajo za preprečevanje preglasnega, predolgega ali neprijetnega lajanja, tako da zadajo šok v trenutku, ko pes začne lajati. Ovratnik lahko aktivirate z mikrofonom ali vibracijami, nekateri najnaprednejši ovratniki pa uporabljajo zvok in vibracije, da se izognete možnosti zunanjih zvokov, ki aktivirajo odziv.

Trening ovratnice ali oddaljeni trenerji 

Trening ovratnice za pse so razlikujejo po tem, da boljše po kakovosti imajo veliko različnih ravni in funkcij, lahko dajo različno trajanje stimulacije, boljšo kakovostno stimulacijo in možnost piskanja ali vibracije, ki je koristna za pridobivanje pozornosti psa. Ustrezno usposabljanje je nujno za uporabo na daljavo, saj zloraba lahko povzroči negativne vedenjske posledice. [2] Mnogi priporočajo, da se posvetujete z vedenjskim učiteljem ali certificiranim strokovnjakom za usposabljanje, ki ima izkušnje z udarnimi ovratniki za uspešno uporabo.

Strižne ovratnice se lahko uporabljajo v povezavi s pozitivno ojačitvijo in / ali z uporabo drugih načel operacijskega kondicioniranja , odvisno od metod trenerja bodisi kot oblika pozitivnega kaznovanja , kjer se šok izvaja v trenutku, ko pride do neželenega vedenja, da se zmanjša pogostost tega vedenja; ali kot oblika negativne ojačitve , kjer se stalno stimulira do trenutka, ko se pojavi želeno vedenje, da se poveča pogostost tega vedenja.

Na začetku uporabe ovratnice ovratnice morate uporabiti tiste ukaze, s katerimi psi poznajo. Upoštevajte vedenje vašega psa po uporabi vsakega ukaza in če se vaš pes ne odzove pravilno, potisnite gumb oddajnika in ponovite ukaz.

Ne pozabite, da vaš cilj ni poškodovati vašega psa preko elektronskega ovratnika, ampak želja po učenju psa. Nastavite šok ovratnik na najnižji stopnji stimulacije in nagradite svojega psa s posebnim priboljškom, da bi okrepili njegovo pozitivno vedenje.

Električni šok 

Električni šok je fiziološka reakcija, občutek ali poškodba, ki jo povzroči električni tok skozi telo. Pojavijo se ob stiku telesa z vsemi viri električne energije, ki povzroča zadosten tok skozi kožo, mišice ali dlake.

V svojem učbeniku o usposabljanju in vedenju je Steven Lindsay pisal o javnem dojemanju izraza "šok" in njegovi uporabi pri opisovanju pripomočkov za usposabljanje; "Pri nizkih ravneh je izraz šok težko opisati učinke, ki jih ustvarjajo elektronski vadbeni ovratniki, saj praktično ni nobenega učinka, ki presega pulzirajočo mravljinčenje ali otekanje občutka na površini kože ... besedni šok je obremenjen z pristranskim konotacije, slike konvulzivnih krčev in opeklin ter posledice, ki so povezane z ekstremnimi fizičnimi bolečinami, čustvenimi travmi, fiziološkim zlomom in laboratorijskimi zlorabami ... je spodbuda ali signal, ki ga ustvarja večina sodobnih naprav, močno nadzorovana in predstavljena za izdelavo specifičnega sklopa vedenjskih in motivacijski odzivi na to. " [3]

Tehnični premisleki elektronskih ovratnic

Električni šok lahko označimo z napetostjo, tokovi, valovno obliko, frekvenco (valovne oblike), pulzno hitrostjo in trajanjem. Čeprav se napetost, tok in trajanje šoka lahko uporabijo za izračun količine uporabljene energije (v Joulesih ), to niso kazalci intenzivnosti stimulusa ali kako ga lahko zazna prejemnik. Odvisno od zasnove lahko nastavite šokovke tako, da je dostavljeni šok le rahlo neprijeten. Tovrstne spremenljive nastavitve so bistvene, tako da se ovratnik lahko prilagodi na raven, ki jo potrebuje pes, saj se razmere spremenijo.

Verižni udari se včasih imenujejo "statični šok"; statična elektrika pa je enosmerna in ima majhno energijo. Šokovniki uporabljajo izmenični tok . Zato je neprimerno, da se nanašamo na udarne ovratnike, saj zagotavljajo statični šok.

Da bi dosegli dosledne udarce, je treba vzpostaviti dober stik med elektrodami ovratnika in kožo psa (ovratnik mora biti vgrajen v skladu z navodili proizvajalca). Lokalna vlažnost in posamezne spremembe v gostoti dlake, debelini kože in površinski prevodnosti vplivajo tudi na dobavo šoka.

Vloga, njegova frekvenca, hitrost impulza, tok, napetost in impedanca so pomembni dejavniki verjetnega odziva. "Zdi se, da mnoge elektronske ovratnice prestavljajo nivoje intenzivnosti s spreminjanjem trajanja impulza ali ponovitve, hkrati pa ohranjajo izhodni tok in napetost relativno konstantno, odvisno od obremenitve elektrode." (Lindsay 2005, str. 573).

Posamezne razlike v temperamentu, občutljivosti na bolečino in dovzetnosti za pasti psa pomenijo, da je treba nastavitve šoka natančno prilagoditi, da bi povzročil šok, ki ga pes zazna kot edino dovolj averzivnega, da bi preprečil, da bi pes vpleten v neželeno vedenje. Običajni dražljaji, kot so hrup, ukazi in celo šoki, morda ne vplivajo na psa, ki je zelo vzburjen in se osredotoča na dejavnost, kot je lov. 

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